When he died in Babylon in 323 B.C., Alexander the Great of Macedonia had plans to continue his career of conquest, and these included Italy. The first century B.C. Roman historian Livy contemplated what might have happened had Alexander fought the Roman Republic. Livy had a strong opinion as to the outcome of a confrontation that never actually happened, and I have mine. Will you agree with my take on this extraordinary “what if?” Read my article, “Alexander in Italy, 317 BC,” in the May/June 2021 issue of Ancient Warfare magazine to find out. It’s on the shelves of bookshops now.